Neutering or Spaying Your Dog

Benefits of Surgical Neutering of the Male Dog

When I was growing up I had a great uncle and aunt who lived in Kentucky. We, my mother and I. went to visit my grandmother in southern Ohio, a short two minute walk to the Ohio River. We would visit relatives in Ohio and Kentucky while we were there. Uncle John and Aunt Madeline lived in Kentucky.   It was a wonderful place, a house full of antiques, a huge eight sided barn full of antique cars and parts, and a large old fashioned garage, made from a horse barn. He had eight to ten restored cars that he had fixed up. They were beautiful. My favorite was a 1903 Cadillac. I wasn’t allowed in the big barn because it was ‘full of snakes.’

Uncle John had a lot of dogs and cats. One time we went and when we got there he insisted that he show me how to neuter a male dog. I will never forget it, even though it was many, many years ago. He took a young hound, stuck his head in a boot and severed the junction between the dog’s testicles. He told me he had no use taking the dogs to the vet to have them do it. I was young and very upset.

In males:

  • Neutering eliminates the occurrence of testicular cancer.
  • Neutering markedly reduces the incidence of benign hyperplasia of the prostate gland, prostatitis and perineal hernias in dogs.
  • Male dogs display hormonally influenced aggression toward each other, as do male cats. Neutering eliminates much of this behavior without affecting a male dog’s protective instincts towards his house and family members.
  • Neutering will often decrease or eliminate other objectionable male dog behaviors, such as mounting furniture and family members.
  • Male dogs and cats will cease roaming to find a mate because the hormonal urge to do so has been removed.
  • Neutered animals are not sexually frustrated! Intact animals become sexually frustrated when responsible pet owners do not permit them to mate and satisfy those hormonally driven urges. Without testosterone, these urges are not present and the animals are more likely to focus their attention on their human family rather than on reproduction.


Surgical neutering of the male dog is important in helping the dog owners to control the male dog’s aggressive behavior. Yes. By doing the surgical neutering, it becomes possible to control the dog’s restlessness, which might have caused so much agony for the owner and hence, neutering corrects such activity to the benefit of the dog owner.

When the dog is in puppy stage, the dog may be subjected to the surgical neutering technique. Hence, the hormonal impact is highly minimized in such male dogs.

The surgical neutering of the male dog helps to prevent the incidences of prostate gland diseases. Generally, in case of male dogs, the prostate enlargement is more common. In canine patients undergone the surgical neutering, the incidences of such prostate enlargement are totally minimized.

Sometimes, the adult male dog has more difficulties during defecation. However, one has to rule out the feed borne constipation like lack of fibers etc. before resorting to the fixation of prostate enlargement as a cause for this. Constipation is mainly due to the increased size of the prostate gland. Neutering makes shrinkage of the prostate gland. In surgical neutering, the incision is placed in front of the scrotum and the testicles are removed in a surgical manner using aseptic techniques.


The wound need not be closed except the tying up of the cord after cutting of the testicle. However, in two to three days time, as a routine tissue reaction, some swelling may occur in the scrotum. However, once you administer the antibiotic that has a broader spectrum of activities, the condition gets recovered in a satisfactory condition. Septic shock may occur if the surgical site gets infected with some microbial infections and in these cases, the wound needs a thorough dressing procedure and the patient needs to be continuously monitored in a clinical environment.

Take note that local animal organizations perform the surgical neutering when the stray male dogs are captured by them.

Benefits of Spaying the Female Dog

  • Spaying eliminates the bloody discharge of female dogs in heat. (Cats typically do not exhibit a bloody discharge)
  • Spaying eliminates the objectionable behavior exhibited by female cats in heat who yowl, cry as if in pain and may urinate in the house as they seek a male to mate with. (They attract males who will also mark by spraying urine.)
  • Spaying before the first heat virtually eliminates the development of breast cancer later in life for both dogs and cats. (If the surgery is performed when the animal is older, this benefit will be lost.)
  • Spaying virtually eliminates the development of pyometras in dogs and cats. Pyometras are infections of the uterus that can also be expensive, life- threatening medical emergencies. (If all ovarian tissue is not removed, a pyometra can still occur in the stump of the uterus that is left behind. This is commonly known as a stump pyometra.)
  • Spayed animals are not sexually frustrated! Intact animals become sexually frustrated when responsible pet owners do not permit them to mate and satisfy those hormonally driven urges. Without estrogen, these urges are not present and the animals are more likely to focus their attention on their human family rather than on reproduction.


Spaying  the female dog is undertaken to control the unwanted pregnancy by crossing of some unknown or country or non-descript dogs. The spaying of the dog reduces the aggressiveness of the dog. By spaying, one can reduce the incidences of the commonly encountered reproductive diseases like pyometra.

Spaying also helps to control the population in case of stray animals and many nations are doing these operations by removing the ovaries from the female animals. Experienced veterinarians are required to do the spaying in case of female dogs and the postoperative care is to be given more emphasis. If proper control measures are not taken after the surgical operation for the removal of ovary, then the infections may start setting in and the animal may end up in development of peritonitis and then toxemia sets in, causing unwanted health problems.


Death of the dog may finally occur, if the dog is not provided an effective and proper veterinary care. A female dog that is spayed before the occurrence of first heat will have almost a zero chance of development of mammary cancer, which is more common with the dogs that are not spayed.

A female dog generally comes to heat once in eight months or so. During the heat occurrence, there is bleeding from vagina and the dog may cross with the unwanted male and the spaying activity prevents all these. In case of aged dogs, the dog may often get signs of increased thirst, anorexia, vomiting etc. that are so common with pyometra.

Pyometra means the presence of pus in the uterus. Once pyometra occurs, it involves many discomforts to the animal in addition to the cost factor involved for the therapy also. Such pyometra is totally prevented by spaying because in the case of spaying, you are removing both ovaries and the uterus.

Talk to Your Vet. 

If you can’t afford to have your dog spayed or neutered check your vet for info on spay or neuter  clinics. Check with Friends of Animals or the Humane Society to seek assistance. 


2 thoughts on “Neutering or Spaying Your Dog

  1. Persephone de Vito

    If the things that you mentioned, there’s one thing that got my attention; the idea that by spaying my cat before the first heat, I can avoid the development of breast cancer. A friend’s pet died last month because of breast cancer, so I’m especially wary of that disease. Now that I have adopted my own kitten from the animal shelter, I think spaying the one thing that I should do in order to keep her safe. Thanks for sharing.

  2. Janina Post author

    Thanks for the comment. Cats can get mammary tumors that can be removed, or they can cause cancer,

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